United Nations vs Israel, and the End of the World|
online edition of the book by David A. Reed
will be...burdening the world...all the nations of the earth unite in an attempt..." - Zech. 12:3 LB
"Jerusalem shall be...administered by the United Nations." - UN General Assembly Resolution 181
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Nations United and Resolved
Zechariah’s prophecy that “all the nations of the earth
will be gathered against” Jerusalem (Zech. 12:3 NASB) parallels similar
predictions recorded by Joel and the apostle John, which speak all the nations
sending their armies to the region. “For, behold, in those days, and in that
time, when I shall bring back the captivity of Judah and Jerusalem, I will
gather all nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat;
and I will enter into judgment with them there,” says the Lord, according to
Joel 3:1-2. (The Holy Scriptures, The Jewish Publication Society of America) A
demonic summons goes out to “all the kings of the world to call them together
for the war of the Great Day of God the Almighty. . . . They called the kings
together at the place called, in Hebrew, Armageddon.” (Revelation 16:14, 16 The
Jerusalem Bible; footnote: “Megiddo mountains”)
But Bible prophecy is not the only reason to expect a
united international military force to converge on Jerusalem. There is also a
modern political paper trail indicating that the nations of the world have
already begun laying a legal foundation to justify such a move. First, the
nations began to unite in the form of the League of Nations and, later, the
United Nations organization. Then these organizations began passing resolutions
regarding Palestine, Israel and Jerusalem. And, more recently, the nations
began granting the United Nations more and more power to act militarily.
The League of Nations made Britain’s Palestine Mandate one
of its first official acts—granting Britain international authority to
administer the land—and its successor organization, the United Nations, passed
Resolution 181 in 1947 calling for the division of Palestine into Jewish and
Arab states, but also demanding international control over Jerusalem. Since
then, there have been more U.N. resolutions on Israel and Palestine than on any
other region of the world. These have consistently called for the Jews to
vacate all or part of Jerusalem, for Israel not to claim the city as its
capital, or for Jerusalem to be internationalized under a governor appointed by
the United Nations.
The nations have thus spent decades “uniting” for the
prophesied attack and drawing up resolutions to legalize it; now all that
remains is the enforcement.
General Assembly resolutions express world opinion but do
not carry the threat of enforcement through blue-helmet-wearing U.N.
peacekeeping forces. Security Council resolutions can be enforced militarily,
but a lone veto cast by the United States has effectively blocked most Security
Council measures hostile to Israel. If that veto were to be removed, the path
would be open for the nations to have their way in regard to Jerusalem.
The complete text of all U.N. resolutions can be viewed at
the United Nations official website at www.UN.org. The General Assembly and
Security Council resolutions on Israel and Palestine can by found at the U.N.
web site by surfing to the URL http://domino.UN.org/UNISPAL.NSF/ and clicking
on links for “Documents by Type” and then “Resolution.” The sheer size of the
list of documents found there is truly impressive.
Without going into the details of all these resolutions
here, it may suffice to quote the full text of one in particular. Toward the
end of the year 2002 the U.N. General Assembly passed Resolution 57/111 on
Jerusalem, which states that “the international community, through the United
Nations, has a legitimate interest in the question of the City of Jerusalem”
and that “any actions taken by Israel to impose its laws, jurisdiction and
administration on the Holy City of Jerusalem are illegal and therefore null and
void and have no validity whatsoever.” Here is the text of that resolution, as
copied from the U.N. web site:
The General Assembly,
Recalling its resolution 181 (II) of 29 November 1947,
in particular its provisions regarding the City of Jerusalem,
Recalling also its resolution 36/120 E of 10 December
1981 and all subsequent resolutions, including resolution 56/31 of 3 December
2001, in which it, inter alia, determined that all legislative and
administrative measures and actions taken by Israel, the occupying Power, which
have altered or purported to alter the character and status of the Holy City of
Jerusalem, in particular the so-called "Basic Law" on Jerusalem and
the proclamation of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, were null and void and
must be rescinded forthwith,
Recalling further Security Council resolutions relevant
to Jerusalem, including resolution 478 (1980) of 20 August 1980, in which the
Council, inter alia, decided not to recognize the "Basic Law" and
called upon those States which had established diplomatic missions in Jerusalem
to withdraw such missions from the Holy City,
Expressing its grave concern at any action taken by any
body, governmental or non-governmental, in violation of the above-mentioned
Reaffirming that the international community, through
the United Nations, has a legitimate interest in the question of the City of
Jerusalem and the protection of the unique spiritual and religious dimension of
the city, as foreseen in relevant United Nations resolutions on this matter,
Having considered the report of the
1. Reiterates its determination that any actions taken
by Israel to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration on the Holy City
of Jerusalem are illegal and therefore null and void and have no validity
2. Deplores the transfer by some States of their
diplomatic missions to Jerusalem in violation of Security Council resolution
478 (1980), and calls once more upon those States to abide by the provisions of
the relevant United Nations resolutions, in conformity with the Charter of the
3. Stresses that a comprehensive, just and lasting
solution to the question of the City of Jerusalem should take into account the
legitimate concerns of both the Palestinian and Israeli sides and should
include internationally guaranteed provisions to ensure the freedom of religion
and of conscience of its inhabitants, as well as permanent, free and unhindered
access to the holy places by the people of all religions and nationalities;
4. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the
General Assembly at its fifty-eighth session on the implementation of the
66th plenary meeting
3 December 2002
RECORDED VOTE ON RESOLUTION 57/111: 154-5-6
In favour : Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain,
Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso,
Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo,
Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's
Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland,
France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guinea,
Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic
Republic of), Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya,
Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho,
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia,
Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco,
Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua,
Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland,
Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian
Federation, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome
and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname,
Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, the former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey,
Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam,
Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Against : Costa Rica, Israel, Marshall Islands,
Micronesia (Federated States of), United States of America
Abstaining : Albania, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Solomon
Islands, Tuvalu , Vanuatu
Besides passing resolutions, the United Nations
organization has also been heavily involved in the peace process, especially in
connection with the so-called “roadmap” for peace, sponsored jointly by the “Quartet”
of the United States, the United Nations, Russia and the European Union.
The previous phase of the peace process broke down when
discussions reached the stage of determining the status of Jerusalem. That
resulted in renewed conflict between Israel and the Palestinians. Now with the
rest of the world and the United Nations organization involved this time
through the “roadmap,” if the peace process breaks down again over Jerusalem,
this could have consequences that are more far reaching. If progress continues
to the point of an actual peace on the ground with some sort of international
peacekeeper presence to enforce that peace in and around Jerusalem, a breakdown
and renewal of hostilities at that point could involve the United Nations
Here is the text of that “roadmap for peace,” as posted on
the official U.N. website at http://www.UN.org/media/main/roadmap122002.html
Note how the final phase of the roadmap calls for international involvement in
determining the ultimate status of Jerusalem.
a Performance-Based Roadmap
to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the
The following is a performance-based and goal-driven
roadmap, with clear phases, timelines, target dates, and benchmarks aiming at
progress through reciprocal steps by the two parties in the political,
security, economic, humanitarian, and institution-building fields, under the
auspices of the Quartet. The destination is a final and comprehensive
settlement of the Israel-Palestinian conflict by 2005, as presented in
President Bush's speech of 24 June, and welcomed by the EU, Russia and the UN
in the 16 July and 17 September Quartet Ministerial statements.
A two state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian
conflict will only be achieved through an end to violence and terrorism, when
the Palestinian people have a leadership acting decisively against terror and
willing and able to build a practicing democracy based on tolerance and
liberty, and through Israel's readiness to do what is necessary for a democratic
Palestinian state to be established, and a clear, unambiguous acceptance by
both parties of the goal of a negotiated settlement as described below. The
Quartet will assist and facilitate implementation of the plan, starting in
Phase I, including direct discussions between the parties as required. The plan
establishes a realistic timeline for implementation. However, as a
performance-based plan, progress will require and depend upon the good faith
efforts of the parties, and their compliance with each of the obligations
outlined below. Should the parties perform their obligations rapidly, progress
within and through the phases may come sooner than indicated in the plan.
Non-compliance with obligations will impede progress.
A settlement, negotiated between the parties, will
result in the emergence of an independent, democratic, and viable Palestinian
state living side by side in peace and security with Israel and its other
neighbors. The settlement will resolve the Israel-Palestinian conflict, and end
the occupation that began in 1967, based on the foundations of the Madrid
Conference, the principle of land for peace, UNSCRs 242, 338 and 1397,
agreements previously reached by the parties, and the initiative of Saudi Crown
Prince Abdullah - endorsed by the Beirut Arab League Summit - calling for
acceptance of Israel as a neighbor living in peace and security, in the context
of a comprehensive settlement. This initiative is a vital element of
international efforts to promote a comprehensive peace on all tracks, including
the Syrian-Israeli and Lebanese-Israeli tracks.
The Quartet will meet regularly at senior levels to
evaluate the parties' performance on implementation of the plan. In each phase,
the parties are expected to perform their obligations in parallel, unless
Ending Terror And Violence, Normalizing Palestinian
and Building Palestinian Institutions
Present to May 2003
In Phase I, the Palestinians immediately undertake an
unconditional cessation of violence according to the steps outlined below; such
action should be accompanied by supportive measures undertaken by Israel.
Palestinians and Israelis resume security cooperation based on the Tenet work
plan to end violence, terrorism, and incitement through restructured and
effective Palestinian security services. Palestinians undertake comprehensive
political reform in preparation for statehood, including drafting a Palestinian
constitution, and free, fair and open elections upon the basis of those
measures. Israel takes all necessary steps to help normalize Palestinian life.
Israel withdraws from Palestinian areas occupied from September 28, 2000 and
the two sides restore the status quo that existed at that time, as security
performance and cooperation progress. Israel also freezes all settlement
activity, consistent with the Mitchell report.
At the outset of Phase I:
Palestinian leadership issues unequivocal statement
reiterating Israel's right to exist in peace and security and calling for an
immediate and unconditional ceasefire to end armed activity and all acts of
violence against Israelis anywhere. All official Palestinian institutions end
incitement against Israel.
Israeli leadership issues unequivocal statement
affirming its commitment to the two-state vision of an independent, viable,
sovereign Palestinian state living in peace and security alongside Israel, as
expressed by President Bush, and calling for an immediate end to violence
against Palestinians everywhere. All official Israeli institutions end
incitement against Palestinians.
· Palestinians declare an unequivocal end to violence
and terrorism and undertake visible efforts on the ground to arrest, disrupt,
and restrain individuals and groups conducting and planning violent attacks on
· Rebuilt and refocused Palestinian Authority security
apparatus begins sustained, targeted, and effective operations aimed at
confronting all those engaged in terror and dismantlement of terrorist
capabilities and infrastructure. This includes commencing confiscation of
illegal weapons and consolidation of security authority, free of association
with terror and corruption.
· GOI takes no actions undermining trust, including
deportations, attacks on civilians; confiscation and/or demolition of Palestinian
homes and property, as a punitive measure or to facilitate Israeli
construction; destruction of Palestinian institutions and infrastructure; and
other measures specified in the Tenet work plan.
· Relying on existing mechanisms and on-the-ground
resources, Quartet representatives begin informal monitoring and consult with
the parties on establishment of a formal monitoring mechanism and its
· Implementation, as previously agreed, of U.S.
rebuilding, training and resumed security cooperation plan in collaboration
with outside oversight board (U.S.-Egypt-Jordan). Quartet support for efforts
to achieve a lasting, comprehensive cease-fire.
Ø All Palestinian security organizations are
consolidated into three services reporting to an empowered Interior Minister.
Ø Restructured/retrained Palestinian security forces
and IDF counterparts progressively resume security cooperation and other
undertakings in implementation of the Tenet work plan, including regular
senior-level meetings, with the participation of U.S. security officials.
· Arab states cut off public and private funding and
all other forms of support for groups supporting and engaging in violence and
· All donors providing budgetary support for the
Palestinians channel these funds through the Palestinian Ministry of Finance's
Single Treasury Account.
· As comprehensive security performance moves forward,
IDF withdraws progressively from areas occupied since September 28, 2000 and
the two sides restore the status quo that existed prior to September 28, 2000.
Palestinian security forces redeploy to areas vacated by IDF.
· Immediate action on credible process to produce draft
constitution for Palestinian statehood. As rapidly as possible, constitutional committee
circulates draft Palestinian constitution, based on strong parliamentary
democracy and cabinet with empowered prime minister, for public comment/debate.
Constitutional committee proposes draft document for submission after elections
for approval by appropriate Palestinian institutions.
· Appointment of interim prime minister or cabinet with
empowered executive authority/decision-making body.
· GOI fully facilitates travel of Palestinian officials
for PLC and Cabinet sessions, internationally supervised security retraining,
electoral and other reform activity, and other supportive measures related to
the reform efforts.
· Continued appointment of Palestinian ministers
empowered to undertake fundamental reform. Completion of further steps to
achieve genuine separation of powers, including any necessary Palestinian legal
reforms for this purpose.
· Establishment of independent Palestinian election
commission. PLC reviews and revises election law.
· Palestinian performance on judicial, administrative,
and economic benchmarks, as established by the International Task Force on
· As early as possible, and based upon the above
measures and in the context of open debate and transparent candidate
selection/electoral campaign based on a free, multi-party process, Palestinians
hold free, open, and fair elections.
· GOI facilitates Task Force election assistance,
registration of voters, movement of candidates and voting officials. Support
for NGOs involved in the election process.
· GOI reopens Palestinian Chamber of Commerce and other
closed Palestinian institutions in East Jerusalem based on a commitment that
these institutions operate strictly in accordance with prior agreements between
· Israel takes measures to improve the humanitarian
situation. Israel and Palestinians implement in full all recommendations of the
Bertini report to improve humanitarian conditions, lifting curfews and easing
restrictions on movement of persons and goods, and allowing full, safe, and
unfettered access of international and humanitarian personnel.
· AHLC reviews the humanitarian situation and prospects
for economic development in the West Bank and Gaza and launches a major donor
assistance effort, including to the reform effort.
· GOI and PA continue revenue clearance process and
transfer of funds, including arrears, in accordance with agreed, transparent
· Continued donor support, including increased funding
through PVOs/NGOs, for people to people programs, private sector development
and civil society initiatives.
· GOI immediately dismantles settlement outposts
erected since March 2001.
· Consistent with the Mitchell Report, GOI freezes all
settlement activity (including natural growth of settlements).
Phase II: Transition
June 2003-December 2003
In the second phase, efforts are focused on the option
of creating an independent Palestinian state with provisional borders and
attributes of sovereignty, based on the new constitution, as a way station to a
permanent status settlement. As has been noted, this goal can be achieved when
the Palestinian people have a leadership acting decisively against terror,
willing and able to build a practicing democracy based on tolerance and liberty.
With such a leadership, reformed civil institutions and security structures,
the Palestinians will have the active support of the Quartet and the broader
international community in establishing an independent, viable, state.
Progress into Phase II will be based upon the consensus
judgment of the Quartet of whether conditions are appropriate to proceed,
taking into account performance of both parties. Furthering and sustaining
efforts to normalize Palestinian lives and build Palestinian institutions, Phase
II starts after Palestinian elections and ends with possible creation of an
independent Palestinian state with provisional borders in 2003. Its primary
goals are continued comprehensive security performance and effective security
cooperation, continued normalization of Palestinian life and
institution-building, further building on and sustaining of the goals outlined
in Phase I, ratification of a democratic Palestinian constitution, formal
establishment of office of prime minister, consolidation of political reform,
and the creation of a Palestinian state with provisional borders.
· International Conference: Convened by the Quartet, in
consultation with the parties, immediately after the successful conclusion of
Palestinian elections, to support Palestinian economic recovery and launch a
process, leading to establishment of an independent Palestinian state with
Ø Such a meeting would be inclusive, based on the goal
of a comprehensive Middle East peace (including between Israel and Syria, and
Israel and Lebanon), and based on the principles described in the preamble to
Ø Arab states restore pre-intifada links to Israel
(trade offices, etc.).
Ø Revival of multilateral engagement on issues
including regional water resources, environment, economic development,
refugees, and arms control issues.
· New constitution for democratic, independent
Palestinian state is finalized and approved by appropriate Palestinian
institutions. Further elections, if required, should follow approval of the new
· Empowered reform cabinet with office of prime
minister formally established, consistent with draft constitution.
· Continued comprehensive security performance,
including effective security cooperation on the bases laid out in Phase I.
· Creation of an independent Palestinian state with
provisional borders through a process of Israeli-Palestinian engagement,
launched by the international conference. As part of this process,
implementation of prior agreements, to enhance maximum territorial contiguity,
including further action on settlements in conjunction with establishment of a
Palestinian state with provisional borders.
· Enhanced international role in monitoring transition,
with the active, sustained, and operational support of the Quartet.
· Quartet members promote international recognition of
Palestinian state, including possible UN membership.
Permanent Status Agreement
and End of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
2004 - 2005
Progress into Phase III, based on consensus judgment of
Quartet, and taking into account actions of both parties and Quartet
monitoring. Phase III objectives are consolidation of reform and stabilization
of Palestinian institutions, sustained, effective Palestinian security
performance, and Israeli-Palestinian negotiations aimed at a permanent status
agreement in 2005.
· Second International Conference: Convened by Quartet,
in consultation with the parties, at beginning of 2004 to endorse agreement
reached on an independent Palestinian state with provisional borders and
formally to launch a process with the active, sustained, and operational
support of the Quartet, leading to a final, permanent status resolution in
2005, including on borders, Jerusalem, refugees, settlements; and, to support progress
toward a comprehensive Middle East settlement between Israel and Lebanon and
Israel and Syria, to be achieved as soon as possible.
· Continued comprehensive, effective progress on the
reform agenda laid out by the Task Force in preparation for final status
· Continued sustained and effective security
performance, and sustained, effective security cooperation on the bases laid
out in Phase I.
· International efforts to facilitate reform and
stabilize Palestinian institutions and the Palestinian economy, in preparation
for final status agreement.
· Parties reach final and comprehensive permanent
status agreement that ends the Israel-Palestinian conflict in 2005, through a
settlement negotiated between the parties based on UNSCR 242, 338, and 1397,
that ends the occupation that began in 1967, and includes an agreed, just,
fair, and realistic solution to the refugee issue, and a negotiated resolution
on the status of Jerusalem that takes into account the political and religious
concerns of both sides, and protects the religious interests of Jews,
Christians, and Muslims worldwide, and fulfills the vision of two states,
Israel and sovereign, independent, democratic and viable Palestine, living
side-by-side in peace and security.
· Arab state acceptance of full normal relations with
Israel and security for all the states of the region in the context of a
comprehensive Arab-Israeli peace.
Note that the status of Jerusalem is to be addressed during
the final phase of the roadmap, under the guidance of an “International
Conference.” The roadmap calls for “a negotiated resolution on the status of
Jerusalem that takes into account the political and religious concerns of both
sides, and protects the religious interests of Jews, Christians, and Muslims
As of this writing the roadmap has already faced many
obstacles, with violence continuing while Israel and the Palestinian Authority
both hold back from fulfilling obligations spelled out in the agreement. The
agreed-upon dates have passed, and goals have been postponed. To what extent
there will be further breakdowns along the road, delaying the full
implementation of the roadmap to peace, remains to be seen. It also remains to
be seen whether this latest peace process involving the United Nations will end
up fulfilling the biblical prophecies discussed in this book.
The maneuvering leading up to Armageddon could be brief, or
it could last several years. But it is clear from the U.N. documents presented
earlier in this book and above in this chapter that the nations of the world
are already united and resolved in their determination to impose their will on
Jerusalem—just as the Bible predicted.